5 Architectural Wonders You Have to See In Person
Humans have always striven to build monuments and symbols to honor the earthly and spiritual influences in their lives. Art and building design go hand-in-hand and through the ages, world civilizations have designed some pretty awe-inspiring structures. From the Great Pyramids of Egypt to the majestic skyscrapers of our modern cities, let’s travel through time and across the planet as we explore 25 jaw-dropping architectural wonders.
1. Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia
Near the small town of Lalibela are 11 magnificent medieval churches — all carved out of massive slabs of rock. The churches were built in the 12th century under the direction of King Lalibela. The most fascinating of the ancient churches is the House of Saint George, or Biete Ghiorgis, famed for its cross-shaped design and network of trenches and ceremonial passages which connect it to the other churches.
2. National Stadium, Beijing, China
The Bird’s Nest got its nickname from its elaborate lattice steel design. Beijing’s iconic National Stadium is made of 42,000 tons of metal enclosing one of the world’s largest indoor spaces. The stadium is best remembered for its memorable opening and closing ceremonies during the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
3. The Great Wall of China
At 13,170 miles, the Great Wall is the longest man-made structure ever built. It was constructed between 220 and 206 B.C. by Emperor Qin Shi Huang in order to defend his territory from attack. The Chinese call the wall cháng chéng which means “long city” and only a few sections of the original wall remain standing today.
4. Pont Du Gard, Remoulins, France
The Pont du Gard Roman aqueduct bridge spans nearly 1,000 feet and stands than 150 feet above the Gard River. It is actually a working aqueduct that was built by the Romans in the 1st century A.D. and still supplies the region with 44 million gallons of water each day. The engineering design of this bridge is a marvel because each stone was precisely hand laid, built without mortar and has a gradient of less than 1 inch per 500 yards
5. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE
Burj Khalifa in Dubai takes home the title as the world’s tallest building at 2,723 feet tall and 160 stories. Inspiration for the design was drawn from the Hymenocallis, or Spider Lily, with three sections of the tower arranged around the central core. When viewed from the top, the onion shape is reminiscent of designs used in Islamic architecture — on a much larger scale.